## Correct transfer function with 1st order IIR filter

Started by 7 years ago●2 replies●latest reply 7 years ago●192 viewsWhat diffreneces it makes in magnitude and/or phase response when using

H(z) = (b0 + b1*z^-1 + b2*z^-2)/(a0 + a1*z^-1 + a2*z^-2) by adding b2=0, a2=0

instead of

H(z) = (b0 + b1*z^-1)/(a0 + a1*z^-1)

for 1st order filter?

All software I'm using for to build VST plug-ins (SynthEdit, FlowStone, etc.) implements a **biquad**
(BLT) module for coefficient input and now it looks like by using it I can't get
90° phase response with a filter designed using Octave (by Octave plot
phase is 90°). I have tried with single filter, series and parallel connections. When two 1st order filters (given below) are connected in serie it shows 0dB/180° and with parallel connection ~+303.5dB/0°.

Here are the Octave plots (*both filters has the same phase response*):

and filter coefficients I'm playing with:

AP1 = [ -1.50119987579016e+015 1.50119987579016e+015 1.0 0.999999999999999 ] AP2 = [ 6.66133814775094e-016 6.66133814775094e-016 1.000000000000001 -1.0 ]

EDIT: Ok, digged the web a bit more and found these three (1 2 3) articles published at analog.com.

EDIT2: Here are responses SynthEdit gives (I have the other filter in Left cahennel and the other in Right channel of plug-in):

Magnitude

Phase

Phase inverted

As seen in plots, something happens for the magnitudes and phases when filters are implemented as VST plug-in?

The coefficients you are using are on the extreme limits of the possibilities of double precision floating point arithmetics.

On double precision you have 53 bits on the mantissa and 11 bits on the exponent. Using these coefficients you may have difficulties to keep the needed precision after addition/subtraction.

AFAIK, software I mentioned uses float math so I'll check if this gives any issues.

EDIT: At least SynthEdit made no difference after reducing the accuracy.